Can Gender Parity Break the Glass Ceiling?

Can Gender Parity Break the Glass Ceiling?

Berta Esteve-Volart, York University, Manuel F. Bagues, Universidad Carlos III and FEDEA.
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Langue : English
Résumé :

Can Gender Parity Break the Glass Ceiling?
Evidence from a Repeated Randomized Experiment


This paper studies whether the gender composition of recruiting committees matters. We make use of the unique evidence provided by Spanish public examinations, where the allocation of candidates to evaluating committees is random. We analyze how the chances of success of 150,000 female and male candidates for positions in the four main Corps of the Spanish Judiciary from 1987 to 2007 were a®ected by the gender of their evaluators. We ¯nd that a female (male) candidate is signi¯cantly less likely to be hired whenever she (he) is randomly assigned to a committee where the share of female (male) evaluators is relatively greater. Evidence from multiple choice tests suggests that this is due to the fact that female majority committees overestimate the quality of
male candidates.

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